View Full Version : Re: I found a flea on my puppy

August 17th 06, 03:52 AM
HOWEDY diddler,

diddy wrote:
> in thread ups.com:
> "shajume" > whittled the following words:
> > My four months old Maltese went to the vet yesterday to have his cherry
> > eye surgery. Today I found a flea on him! I immdeiately showered him
> > and killed that little evil. I also checked to make sure there isn't
> > anymore. (that's relatively easy since he is white and his hair cut
> > short) What can I do to make sure no more will show up later on? Is
> > there any medication I can give him go make sure any eggs, if any,
> > won't hatch?
> >
> > Please help!
> >
> >
> since cherry eye is an inherited condition,

Sez you, diddle?

> I hope you notified the breeder of your puppy so they could
> take appropriate action, and spay and neuter your puppies parents.

That'd be a ignorameHOWES thing to do wouldn't it, diddler.

> I hope he's doing fine now.

Cherry Eye (cherryeye)

Description of the Condition
The gland of the third eyelid is located within the base of the third
eyelid. The third eyelid (nictating membrane) lies between the lower
eyelid and the eyeball at the inside corner of each eye. The third
eyelid protects the eye and helps contain and distribute tears over the
surface of the eye. The third eyelid gland is a tear-producing gland.
This gland is responsible for contributing 30-40 percent of the normal
tear volume.

A prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid results in a pink to red
mass in the inner corner of the eye (see photo to the right).

This is commonly referred to as "Cherry Eye." Enlargement (hypertrophy)
of the gland is usually associated with the prolapse. The prolapse can
occur in one or both of the eyes, yet one eye may precede the other by
weeks to months.

The cause for the prolapse is believed to be partially due to a
weakness of the connective tissue attachment of the gland to the
periorbita. Old timers believe "Cherry eye" is often seen as a direct
result of puppies after playing on carpet, rubbing their face, or
playing in in the dirt. The tear duct becomes blocked, and obstructs
tear flow. After a couple of days it begins to swell because now an
infection has begun. Once the BLOCKED tear duct swells, there is no
room for it in it's present position, and even strong tissue cannot
hold it.

Thus the result is a cherry eye.

This same situation happens a lot in newborn human babies who do not
have good
tear flow at birth and their tear ducts become blocked with the
semi-solid matter that develops in the corners of their eyes. Breeds
predisposed to prolapse include Cocker Spaniel, Bulldog, Lhasa Apso,
Beagle, Bloodhound, Boston Terrier, Bull Terrier, and St. Bernard, and
the Burmese cat.

Restoring the hypertrophied and prolapsed third eyelid gland to its
normal position will preserve tear production, enhance appearance, and
prevent corneal and conjunctival disease caused by the prolonged
exposure. Surgically replacing the gland to its normal position is
especially important in breeds (Bulldog) that are also prone to develop
tear insufficiency disease (dry eye). Surgical removal of the prolapsed
gland could precipitate the development of dry eye syndrome and this is
a very serious disease.

Treatment Options for the Condition

There are old timers with extensive experience with "Cherry Eye
Condition" that recommend an alternative to surgery, especially those
breeds that have high surgical risks. The first thing that is done to
"treat" this condition is to prescribe an antibiotic ointment, second
use warm compresses to the corner of the eye, third is to massage the
gland lightly with the index finger applying even gentle pressure in a
circular motion. Once the tear duct becomes "unblocked" even if it is
out of its normal place it is now of a size that usually can be
returned by pulling very gently the outer tissue and "popping" the tear
duct back into place. You may have to replace the tear duct several
times over a two week period, sometimes I have heard for even a month,
but then it does not require surgery, and the dog as a general rule has
no more problems with the condition whatsoever.

We urge new pet owners to be very careful when attempting to use this
technique because you can cause injury to the eyeball if you scratch it
when trying to massage the tear duct. Try to find another owner of a
bulldog or similar breed to walk you through it the first time to make
sure you are doing it correctly. We do urge you to seek veterinarian
assistance if the condition worsens or if this technique fails to make
an improvement. There are some bulldogs that have an inflamatory
disease as well and you may see a worsening of the condition.
Inflamatory conditions must be treated with an anti-inflamatory
antibiotic drop or ointment.

There are several different techniques for replacing the gland,
surgically and manually. Surgery requires general inhalation
anesthesia, but your pet can go home the same day as surgery once fully
recovered. Surgery is performed under strict aseptic conditions.
Please make sure your veterinarian is familiar with the special
anesthesia needs of Bulldogs, and is experienced in the surgical
procedure of "cherry eye".

The most popular and successful surgical technique is called the
Conjunctival Mucosa Pocket Procedure which creates a pocket to place
the prolapsed gland inside and then the pocket is closed with very fine
absorbable opthalmic sutures. Another method is to merely suture the
replaced gland again with very fine absobable opthalmic sutures.
Another procedure, which we do not recommend, is the removal of the
gland. This procedure often leaves your pet with VERY inefficent tear
flow which can lead to the serious problem of dry eye, and can result
in permanent corneal damage.

After Care Recommendations for the surgical procedure
Some swelling and redness of the third eyelid and lower eyelid is
normal after surgery. Keep the eye clean of discharges. Mucoid
discharges trap bacteria and inflammatory cells and inactivate
medications. We recommend you use Bausch & Lomb Sensative Eyes Saline
Solution and white tissues to clean the eye. The saline solution can be
directly irrigated into the eye.

Some coughing for the first postoperative week may be normal if the
airway is sore from the tracheal tube used for inhalation anesthesia.
If coughing is severe, please call your veterinarian or opthamologist.

Please restrict your pet's activity for the frist 2 weeks after surgery
to enhance retention of the gland.

A topical antiobiotic and anti-inflammatory eye medication is
prescribed to try and prevent infection and to minimize inflammation,
but cannot be used if there is a scratch on the surface of the eye.
Carefully monitor the cornea for an irregularities. Squinting can also
indicate a corneal injusry. If any concerns, stop the medication and
call us.

An occasional pet may rub at the eye. Distract your pet with treats or
attention when this occurs. Some pets may beed a restraint collar which
you can borrow from us or from your referring veterinarian.

A very rare pet will develop a re-prolapse of the gland. Though this is
very dissappointing, the surgery can be repeated and is usually
successful at this time.

by Stephanie Burr