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rec.pets.cats: Korats Breed-FAQ



 
 
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Old May 30th 05, 05:28 AM
Dennis Ganoe
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Default rec.pets.cats: Korats Breed-FAQ

Archive-name: cats-faq/breeds/korats
Posting-frequency: 30 days
URL: http://www.teleport.com/~dganoe/korat-fa.html
Last-modified: 12 Mar 1997

All the cat breed faqs are available as ASCII files either on rec.pets.cats
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The Korat

__________________________________________________ _______________

AUTHOR Dennis Ganoe, 4/26/94 ]

Copyright (c)1994, 1995, 1996 Dennis Ganoe, All Rights Reserved.

__________________________________________________ _______________

DESCRIPTION

The Korat (Koh-Raht) is a medium to small, shorthair cat with the
females weighing between 6 and 8 pounds and the males from 8 to 10
pounds. The Korat is a very compact cat with a low percentage of the
weight as body fat. This means the Korat may appear to be a small cat,
but in reality they are much heavier and more solid than they look.
They have broad chests with well developed muscles, even the females.
They have a single close lying coat that is always silver-blue. Single
coat means they do not have a downy undercoat and the coat lies flat.
The head is heart shaped. The heart is outlined by drawing imaginary
lines from the rounded tip of the chin up to the top of the ears and
then back to the top of the head. The eyes are oversized for the face
but are not protruding or "bug eyed." The eyes are round when fully
open but appear slanted when closed or partially closed. They are
peridot green (in the mature cat) and translucent in all stages of
development. Korats are slow maturing cats. They can often take up to
5 years to reach their full potential. The coat will always be
silver-blue, but the silver tipping will become more pronounced as
they mature. The eye color, a vivid peridot green, also appears as cat
matures. The Korat is a cat that gets better and better as it ages.
__________________________________________________ _______________

HISTORY

The Korat is an ancient cat from Siam (now Thailand) that is written
of in the "The Cat-Book Poems." This book was written between 1350 and
1767 AD. The Korat is known as the Si-Sawat cat in its native country
and the Korat name was originated when King Rama V of Siam was
presented with the cat. He asked what kind of cat it was and was told
it came from Korat, a high plateau in northeast Thailand. It is known
as the good-luck cat of Thailand and a pair of Korats are often given
to brides on their wedding day to ensure a happy marriage. Korats are
rarely sold in Thailand, but given to people held in high esteem.

The first Korat to be exhibited was probably in England in the late
19th century. It was entered as a Siamese because that is where the
owner obtained it. It was listed as a solid blue and descriptions of
that judging still exist today. The first modern Korats were
introduced to the U.S. by Mrs Jean Johnson in 1959. Her husband
retired from the foreign service in Thailand and they were presented
with a pair of Korats as gifts when they returned to the United
States. Since that introduction, many additional Korats have been
imported and every Korat can trace its ancestry back to Korats living
or have lived in Thailand. This why the Korat is sometimes referred to
as the Silver-blue cat with the Thai passport.

Shortly after the Korat arrived in the United States the Korat Cat
Fanciers Association was formed. It is a non-affiliated international
club dedicated to the protection and development of the Korat. This
club was instrumental in getting the Korat recognized in all
associations and helps ensure that the standards for the Korat remain
virtually the same in all associations.
__________________________________________________ _______________

CHARACTERISTICS AND TEMPERAMENT

The Korat is an active cat with strong likes and dislikes. They are
quite territorial and consider their "human" part of their territory.
For this reason they make outstanding companions, always nearby and
faithful. Korats are very intelligent and take well to most training.
Korats have been trained to play games such as fetch and can be
trained to walk on a leash. Korats "bond" with their owner either as
kittens or as adults. The bonding usually takes place in the first few
weeks a Korat is in its new home. After the bonding, the Korat will
want to be with their "person," whatever that person is doing and will
follow their chosen person from room to room to be nearby. This
behavior has been known to annoy some people. Bonding with a Korat is
not limited to humans. Korats will bond to what ever entity they like
best. This can be an adult, a child, another cat, or a dog. Bonding
with a Korat doesn't mean it will reject offers of affection from
others. It simply means they have a chosen preference in
companionship. Korats have thrived in every environment this author
has known. They do tend to elevate themselves to the Number 1 position
in a group of cats and other cat breeds have been known to resent
this.

Korats in the show ring show all of the above mentioned traits. Korats
are not generally fearful cats, so most of their show behavior is
learned. They may learn that aggressive behavior gets them taken home.
They may also learn that certain behaviors get them special attention
from their chosen person. Showing a Korat takes time and firm control.
It takes time to train a Korat to show. The exhibitor must ensure the
Korat learns the show routine and what is expected of the show cat. An
exhibitor of Korats must have firm control of themselves, because any
"pay-off" of unacceptable behavior by the Korat, teaches the Korat to
repeat the behavior in order to get what he wants most, attention from
his "person."
__________________________________________________ _______________

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Is that a Russian Blue? (What is the difference between a Korat and a
Russian Blue?)

The Russian Blue and the Korat share a great many words in common.
Both are described as medium, silver-blue shorthair cats with
green eyes. A Korat is generally heavier for the same size cat
than a Russian Blue. Korats are stockier and a bit chunkier than
Russian Blues and the Korat has rounded lines where Russian Blues
have longer and straighter lines. The Korat has a single coat and
the Russian Blue has dense double coat. The Korat is gun-metal
blue which is darker than the usual Russian Blue color. Both
breeds have silver tipping on each hair. The Korat's eyes are a
peridot green and the Russian Blue has emerald green eyes. The
head structures on the two breeds are distinctly different and the
personalities are very different.

Is the Korat prone to any particular illnesses?

Korats are not prone to any particular illnesses. However, there have
been rare instances of a genetic neuromuscular degenerative
disease that has been identified in the Korat as well as other
breeds of cats, called GM1 Gangliosidosis and GM2 Gangliosidosis.
The symptoms of this disease normally appear before the kittens
are four months old, therefore most Korat owners would never know
that it exists. The kittens that are not affected show no outward
signs even if they were a carrier, and they live normal and
healthy lives. Only in a breeding situation should this be of any
concern. Since this is caused by a recessive gene, parents that
produce affected kittens should be taken out of the breeding
program. A blood test exists at present for the disease but is not
widely available because it is presently experimental. Perhaps in
the future it will be more widely available.

How are Korats in single cat households?

Korats will bond more closely to their human if they are the only cat
around, but some cautions should be observed with a single Korat.
The need for companionship is so strong in the Korat that a single
Korat should not be left alone for extended periods or ignored
when the caregivers are present (see Training, below). This may
cause the Korat to become aggressive or, more likely, very
withdrawn. Either of these conditions prevent the Korat from
exhibiting its true nature. If the Korat is left with only other
cats, because of their need for companionship, the Korat will bond
with one of the other cats. When multiple people and/or cats are
present, the Korat will bond with the individual they "like" best
or whomever they spend the most time with, be that cat or human.

Are Korats quiet? What are their voices like?

Korats vary widely in their vocalizations. Some will be exceptionally
quiet and others will scream. Every Korat is capable of an
incredible variety of sounds, from a quiet questioning chirp, to a
full voice roar. They generally "speak" only when they have
something to say, or to alert you to their needs.

Are they outdoor cats?

Most breeders do not let their cats go outdoors at all. In fact, Korat
breeders require a sales pledge that, among other things, requires
the new owner to ensure the cat is kept indoors except under
direct supervision.

How much does a Korat cost?

Generally, pet quality kittens start at $400 and the price may change
depending upon the quality of the kitten. Some breeders will sell
show quality kittens as pets when an exceptional home is found and
breeders will often place an older cat for a nominal charge when
they are completed with their breeding life. Even older Korats
will bond to their new owners. These older cats are usually 6-8
years old and have earned their "retirement."

How long do Korats live?

It is not exceptional for a Korat to live 15 years or more given good
care.

__________________________________________________ _______________

RECOGNITION

The Korat is recognized for championship status in the following
associations:
* Cat Fanciers Association (CFA)
* The International Cat Association (TICA)
* American Cat Fanciers Association (ACFA)
* Cat Fanciers' Federation (CFF)
* Federation Internationale de Feline (FIFe)

__________________________________________________ _______________

CARE AND TRAINING

Korats are easy cats to take care of because they will usually tell
you what they need. They are not finicky eaters, but it is recommended
that owners feed only high quality dry food and/or canned food.
Although Korats like people food, it is not formulated for them and
should be minimized.

Korats have a low body fat percentage, but they can become overweight.
If fed too much, a Korat will develop "fat pads" along their
underside. These can be mistaken for mammary tumors as they have the
same look and feel. If any doubt exists, have the cat examined by a
veterinarian.

When having your Korat spayed/neutered or when have any operation that
requires anesthesia, it should be remembered that Korats have little
body fat to absorb the anesthesia. Non fat-soluble varieties should be
used when operating on Korats. This is the same as other "low fat"
animals like Greyhounds, Whippets or Siamese.

Korats reach sexual maturity relatively early, 6-8 months in most
cases. Neutering a male cat at this age is appropriate, as is spaying
the female. A male cat will begin spraying, or marking his territory
upon reaching sexual maturity. Korat females, when they come into
season, will call for available males, and will also mark their
territory with urine. Spaying and neutering can alleviate the desire
to spray.

Training a Korat is relatively easy. Fetch the toy is a game that most
Korats readily adapt to. Training a Korat can be done with both
negative and positive reinforcement. Negative incentives should be
limited to a loud "NO", a clap of the hands, snap of the fingers, or a
squirt bottle of plain water. Because of the Korats gregariousness,
the ultimate in discipline is to quietly place the cat in a separate
room for a short time (15 min) and then just as quietly let it out. Be
sure no toys or other amusements are available in the "time out" room.
Positive reinforcements are the usual games and treats and a simple
petting session for something well done.
__________________________________________________ _______________

BREED STANDARDS

The standards for Korats is almost identical for every association.
The differences are in CFA and TICA a non-visible tail kink is
allowable whereas in the other associations it is disqualifiable. In
Thailand, a kink in the tail of a Korat is considered a sign of extra
"good-luck." When Korats are judged, CFA judges tend to ignore a
non-visible tail kink. TICA judges who notice the kink will usually
not final a Korat.

The Korat is a medium sized, semi-cobby shorthair cat. The body is
well-muscled with a broad chest and good development. The Korat has a
single close-lying blue coat with each hair tipped with silver. The
more silver tipping, the better. The head is heart shaped with large
luminescent green eyes. The heart is outlined by tracing from the
strong chin up the cheek bones to top of the ears and then returning
to the top of the head. A second heart can be traced from the chin to
the eyebrows and back to the bridge of the nose. The profile has a
slight stop (not a break) with a gentle lion-like downward curve just
above the nose leather. The eyes appear over-large for the face, but
are not protruding. The eyes are round when fully open but have a
slant when closed or partially closed. The ears are large and set high
on the head. The tail is moderate in length, wide at the base and
tapering to a rounded tip.

A non-visible tail kink is allowed. The front legs are slightly
shorter than the rear legs with oval feet. There are 5 toes on the
front feet and 4 toes on the rear feet. Nose leather is blue and paw
pads are lavender-pink or mauve.

Disqualify: Any other color than Silver-Blue, white spots or lockets,
wrong number of toes on the feet.

Point Distribution (CFA):

HEAD 25
Broad 5
Profile 4
Breadth Between Eyes 4
Ear set/placement 4
Heart Shape 5
Chin and Jaw 3

EYES 15
Size 5
Shape 5
Placement 5

BODY 25
Body 15
Legs/Feet 5
Tail 5

COAT 10
Short 4
Texture 3
Close-Lying 3

COLOR 25
Body 20
Eye 5

__________________________________________________ _______________

REFERENCES

* CAT FANCY - Feb. 1994
* CAT FANCY - Feb. 1990
* The Korat Story, c by Daphne Negus, TX 320-928

Breed Clubs:

* _Si-Sawat Society_ (CFA), Jackie Taylor, (614) 759-0929
* _Korat Cat Fanciers Association_ (non-affiliated), Tom Pirkle,
(407) 582-5322

__________________________________________________ _______________

BREEDERS

Disclaimer: These breeders have been recommended in good faith by the
author of this article. However, you are still responsible for
verifying that a particular breeder meets your needs and to your
satisfaction. Additional breeder listings can be found in "Cat Fancy"
and "Cats Magazine" in the US and Canada, and in "Cat World" in the
UK.
* Dennis Ganoe & Judy Buckle-Ganoe, Dennigan and Gentlegift Korats,
(503) 657-9281,
* Doris Langford, Jing's Korats, (503) 693-7460
* Ray Ratliff, Soigne Korats, (706) 935-5571
* Cheryl Coleman, Mowl Sima Korats,

* Marcia Epstein, Canada,

* Camilla Baird, Primprau's Korats, the only Danish Korat cattery,

* Donatella Mastrangelo, Jadeye Korats, Italy,

* Else-Carine Risberg/John Ypma, Klahz Korats, Canada,


__________________________________________________ _______________

Korat FAQ
Dennis Ganoe,

 




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